Neuropsychiatric conditions are mental disorders that are typically attributed to diseases that originate from the nervous system. These diseases greatly impair the health of those affected by them and impact their ability to learn, work, and emotionally cope. Luckily, researchers in the neuropsychiatry field are making great headway in determining the biological basis on these diseases.
In neuropsychiatry, neuropsychiatric conditions fall into eight categories:
Addiction is a psychological and physiological dependence on a substance or activity. When an individual has an addiction, they are dependent on this substance in order to function normally. Addiction is also accompanied by a physical dependence. Addiction can include activities such as gambling, and substance abuse, such as drugs.
Childhood and Development
These conditions are concerned with both neurological and behavioral development in childhood and adolescence, resulting in disorder and impairment. Some examples of childhood development conditions include attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism, fetal alcohol syndrome, and tic disorders.
Eating disorders are a condition that is a product of reaction to physical growth and psychological development in children, adolescents, and adults. Eating disorders are often the product of the individual being unable to cope with these demands. The major forms of eating disorders are Anorexia Nervosa, and Bulimia Nervosa.
These conditions refer to diseases such as dementia, Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s. Degenerative diseases mark a decline in cognitive ability and often affect the elderly.
Mood disorders are serious medical conditions that are often misdiagnosed. They are a result of complicated interactions between genetic, environmental, and biochemical factors. This includes bipolar disorder, depression, and mania.**
These are a class of mental disorders that involve mental distress and obsessive thought patterns. This includes Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, trichotillomania, and anxiety disorder.
This describes a mental state where the patient has lost touch with reality. This includes but is not limited to hallucinations, delusions, bizarre behaviors, difficulty assimilating with society and social expectations, and disorganized thinking. This includes, but is not limited to, schizophrenia.
Affecting more than 10% of the population, these conditions include sleep apnea, narcolepsy, insomnia, parasomnia, and REM.
If you or someone you know has been diagnosed with one or more* of these neuropsychiatric conditions, make sure to contact our staff at Neuropsychiatric Hospitals.
*Neuropsychiatric Hospitals treats a number of neuropsychiatric conditions that does not include mood disorders, eating disorders, childhood and development, addiction and degenerative disease.